# How to generate the crossed-shaped fractures by conforming mesh

I have already generate a cross-shaped fractures by setting the fractures as very thin rectangles in figure1, but the mesh is very dense at the boundary. How can generate the fractures as crossed lines like figure2?

from ngsolve import *
from ngsolve.webgui import Draw
from netgen.geom2d import *
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

def MakeGeometry():
geometry = SplineGeometry()
bcs=[“b”,“r”,“t”,“l”],
leftdomain=1)
# point coordinates …
pnts = [(0.25,0.4995),(0.4995,0.4995),(0.4995,0.25),(0.5005,0.25),(0.5005,0.4995),(0.75,0.4995),(0.75,0.5005),(0.5005,0.5005),(0.5005,0.75),(0.4995,0.75),(0.4995,0.5005),(0.25,0.5005)]
pnums = [geometry.AppendPoint(*p) for p in pnts]
# start-point, end-point, boundary-condition, left-domain, right-domain:
lines = [(0,1,“dir”,2,1), (1,2,“dir”,2,1), (2,3,“dir”,2,1), (3,4,“dir”,2,1), (4,5,“dir”,2,1), (5,6,“dir”,2,1), (6,7,“dir”,2,1),
(7,8,“dir”,2,1), (8,9,“dir”,2,1), (9,10,“dir”,2,1), (10,11,“dir”,2,1), (11,0,“dir”,2,1) ]
for p1,p2,bc,left,right in lines:
geometry.Append([“line”, pnums[p1], pnums[p2]], bc=bc, leftdomain=left, rightdomain=right)
geometry.SetMaterial(1,“Matrix”)
geometry.SetMaterial(2,“Fracture”)
return geometry
mesh = Mesh(MakeGeometry().GenerateMesh(maxh=0.2))
Draw(mesh)